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This table contains the habitat codes to use with the Nest Record Form.

CLASS A. Woodland

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Deciduous
2Coniferous
3Mixed (> 10% each)
4Subalpine (scattered trees or large shrubs)
5Perturbation (e.g., logged, burned or wind throw)
Structure
AYoung
BMature
CMixed age
DClosed canopy
EOpen canopy
FParkland (trees scattered in grassy areas)
GWet/ Standing water present
HStanding dead trees present
IFallen dead wood present
JNo understory
KGrass, fern or herb layer present
LLow (< 2m) shrub layer present
MTall (> 2m) shrub layer present
NVery low (< 1m) shrub layer present
OOld Growth
PClearings in woodland
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RRecent Burn: present
SSnags: dead trees or limbs
UUnderstory Shrubs: shrub layer under forest canopy present
VVeterans / Old Trees: older/larger than dominant size/age
WWater: Small area of water within another habitat class and less that 25% of point count area
YYoung Forest: forest predominantly young
Modification
1No Human disturbance
2Human disturbance light to moderate
3Human disturbance heavy
4Plantation
5Clearcut
6Partially logged
7No grazing
8Grazing light to moderate
9Grazing heavy
10Human structure present
11Recent burning

CLASS B. Grassland, Shrubland and Agriculture

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Grassland
2Shrubland
3Tame (planted) grass
4Tilled land (crop)
5Overgrown / old field
6Orchard
7Vineyard
8Native Grassland
9Dunes
10Coulees
Structure
AHedgerow/Shelter Belt with trees
BHedgerow/Shelter Belt without trees
CTree line without hedge
DFence
EIsolated group of trees
FGrass, fern or herb layer present
GLow (< 2m) shrub layer present
HTall (> 2m) shrub layer present
ISome wet / standing water present
JWaterbody present
KPredominately bare ground
LVery low (< 1m) shrub layer present
MSome non-native plants
NShrubs present
OPit or quarry. Sand quarry, gravel pit, or borrow pit that may provide a suitable nesting site for species such as Bank Swallow and Belted Kingfisher.
PNest box. Nest box or other structure built to be used by nesting birds.
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RLand holding. Power lines, railway or road.
Modification
1No grazing
2Grazing light to moderate
3Grazing heavy
4Fallow
5Grain Crop
6Row crop
7Hay crop
8Other crop
9Burned
10Human structure present
11Active farmyard
12Abandoned farmyard / homestead
13Power line corridor
14Recently mowed
15Grazing (intensity unspecified)

CLASS C. Tundra, Alpine

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Dry vegetated tundra / meadow
2Wet vegetated tundra / meadow
3Mix of wet and dry tundra
4Rock / gravel
5Polygonal tundra
Structure
ATall Shrub (e.g., willow)
BLow shrub
CSedge / grass
DDwarf trees (e.g., spruce)
EPredominately heath-lichen
FPredominately bare ground
GSome wet / standing water present
HWaterbody present
IGlacier / Ice
JSparse, prostrate vegetation only
KHedgerow. Line of bushes or shrubs serving as a windbreak or growing along the edge of a field or a road.
LSnags or isolated trees. Snags with a large enough diameter to provide suitable nesting sites for cavity-nesting species (e.g., Eastern Bluebird) or isolated trees that could serve as nesting sites for other species (e.g., American Crow).
MMudflats: present
NNest Boxes / Platforms: e.g. bluebird, wood duck, osprey
OGarry Oak: species present
PPine beetle infestation
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RRecent Burn: present
SSnags: dead trees or limbs
UUnderstory Shrubs: shrub layer under forest canopy present
VVeterans / Old Trees: older/larger than dominant size/age
WWater: Small area of water within another habitat class and less that 25% of point count area
YYoung Forest: forest predominantly young
Modification
1No Human disturbance
2Human disturbance light to moderate
3Human disturbance heavy
4Human structure present
5Damage due to geese grubbing

CLASS D. Human Sites

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Urban
2Rural
3Suburban
4Wet meadow
Structure
ABuildings
BGardens
CTreed
DNot Treed
EShrubs
FNo shrubs
GNatural vegetation patch
HNear road ( < 50 m)
INear active railway (< 50 m)
JAbandoned railway
KBridge, culvert, utility pole
LLawn
MLandfill site
NMunicipal park, cemetary, golf course
OGarry Oak: species present
PPine beetle infestation
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RRecent Burn: present
SSnags: dead trees or limbs
UUnderstory Shrubs: shrub layer under forest canopy present
VVeterans / Old Trees: older/larger than dominant size/age
WWater: Small area of water within another habitat class and less that 25% of point count area
YYoung Forest: forest predominantly young
Modification
1Industrial
2Residential
3Commercial (offices, stores)
4Agricultural
5Municipal park, cemetery, golf course
6Landfill site
7Bordered by grassland / farmland
8Bordered by woodland
9Bordered by urban area
10Treed
11Not Treed
12Shrubs
13No shrubs
14Natural vegetation patch

CLASS E. Wetlands dominated by vegetation

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Sedge / grass
2Reeds /Cattail
3Shrub
4Moss
5Deciduous trees
6Coniferous trees
7Mixed (> 10% each)
Structure
AAreas of open water
BEntirely vegetated
CFreshwater
DSaltwater
EStanding dead trees in water
FBog / Muskeg (rainwater as water source)
GFen (groundwater as water source)
HDeciduous trees present
IConiferous trees present
JMixed deciduous and coniferous trees/ shrubs
KSome non-native plants
LSnags or isolated trees. Snags with a large enough diameter to provide suitable nesting sites for cavity-nesting species (e.g., Eastern Bluebird) or isolated trees that could serve as nesting sites for other species (e.g., American Crow).
MBridge, viaduct, etc.. Manmade structure that could be used by certain species (e.g., White-fronted Swallow or Chimney Swift).
NCliff. Cliff of rock face potentially providing nest sites for certain species (e.g., Peregrine Falcon).
OPit or quarry. Sand quarry, gravel pit, or borrow pit that may provide a suitable nesting site for species such as Bank Swallow and Belted Kingfisher.
PNest box. Nest box or other structure built to be used by nesting birds.
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RLand holding. Power lines, railway or road.
Modification
1No human disturbance
2Human disturbance light to moderate
3Human disturbance heavy
4Actively managed (dam or weir)
5Margin damaged
6Human structure present
7Bordered by grassland / farmland
8Bordered by woodland
9Bordered by urban area
10Adjacent to water body
11Beaver Pond

CLASS F. Wetlands with mainly open water

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Sheet water (shallow, temporary)
2Pond / dugout (< 0.25 ha)
3Small lake (0.25 - 5 ha)
4Lake (> 5 ha)
5Stream (< 3 m wide)
6River (> 3 m wide)
7Ditch with water
8Canal with water
9Quarry / mine with water
Structure
ANo visible water flow
BSlow running
CFast running
DEmergent vegetation rim or patches
ETrees standing in water
FOligotrophic (clear, few weeds)
GEutrophic (green, many weeds)
HDystrophic (black, peat stained)
ISand shore
JRock shore
KMud shore
LBank / Cliff
MArtificial water body
NNest Boxes / Platforms: e.g. bluebird, wood duck, osprey
OGarry Oak: species present
PPine beetle infestation
QGrazed. Stretch of close-cropped grass caused by grazing animals.
RRecent Burn: present
SSnags: dead trees or limbs
UUnderstory Shrubs: shrub layer under forest canopy present
VVeterans / Old Trees: older/larger than dominant size/age
WWater: Small area of water within another habitat class and less that 25% of point count area
YYoung Forest: forest predominantly young
Modification
1No human disturbance
2Human disturbance light to moderate
3Human disturbance heavy
4Actively managed (dam or weir)
5Margin damaged
6Human structure present
7Bordered by grassland / farmland
8Bordered by woodland
9Bordered by urban area
10Industrial activity
11Beaver Pond

CLASS G. Saltwater coastal sites

Sub-class
0Undefined
1Marine shore (open)
2Marine shore (cove, inlet)
3Estuarine shore
4Brackish lagoon shore
5Dykeland
6Salt water coast
Structure
AMud or silt shore
BSand shore
CGravel shore
DRock shore
EFully vegetated
FPartly vegetated
GCliff / Bank
IUnhealthy trees: insect evidence, fungus, cracks etc.
MMudflats: present
NNest Boxes / Platforms: e.g. bluebird, wood duck, osprey
OGarry Oak: species present
PPine beetle infestation
RRecent Burn: present
SSnags: dead trees or limbs
UUnderstory Shrubs: shrub layer under forest canopy present
VVeterans / Old Trees: older/larger than dominant size/age
WWater: Small area of water within another habitat class and less that 25% of point count area
YYoung Forest: forest predominantly young
Modification
1No human disturbance
2Human disturbance light to moderate
3Human disturbance heavy
5Margin damaged
6Human structure present
7Bordered by grassland / farmland
8Bordered by woodland
9Bordered by urban area
10Grazing present

 

 

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